General dentistry or preventive dentistry covers services such as dental cleaning, extraction, scaling, polishing, vitality & sensitivity test and etc related to tooth.
1) Routine Checking
Regular checking for your teeth is needed to maintain your teeth’s health. It allows us to help you to prevent dental problem. Early detect undesirable condition can minimize the damage of your teeth.
Scaling & Polishing
Dental cleanings — remove plaque and tartar from the teeth. Routine cleanings primarily clean the tooth from the gum line up and are not meant for serious forms of gum disease where a deep cleaning (scaling and root planning) may be necessary.
Dental cleaning may consist of:
- Gum disease screening, including measurement of the depth of your gums.
- Dental exam to diagnose any cavities or other dental conditions.
- Take x-rays of your teeth unless you had x-rays recently. A full set of x-rays should be taken every 3-5 years, and bite wing x-rays should be taken every year. The x-rays help locate disease and decay not seen by the naked eye.
- Perform the exam and check for cavities and other conditions.
- Discuss the results of the exam, and answer your questions about the recommended treatment or dental health in general.
Preventative Cleaning – clean and polish your teeth to remove plaque, a sticky film of bacteria on the teeth that produces acid that causes tooth decay. The patient will also teach on how to use proper flossing or answer questions about cavity prevention or dental hygiene.
Soft tissue exam and oral screening is done to identify changes in the tissues of the mouth or signs of oral cancer.
Sealants — Sealants are a thin coating of protective material placed on the tooth in an effort to prevent bacteria and sugar from collecting and forming a cavity. This is a quick, easy procedure. Sealants are common for kids and teens because decay is more likely to develop early in life.
Fluoride treatment — Fluoride is placed on teeth after a dental cleaning to help strengthen tooth enamel and make it less likely for a cavity to form. Fluoride treatment is typically given once a year, or as needed, to all children under age 14. Fluoride is either given as a foam or gel placed in trays set over the child’s teeth.
Extraction is needed if a tooth has been broken or damaged by decay. If there’s too much damage for a tooth to be repaired after fix it with a filling, crown or other treatment, extraction is necessary to remove the tooth from the jawbone. A very loose tooth also will require extraction if it can’t be saved, even with bone replacement surgery (bone graft).
Other reasons why extraction is needed:-
- have extra teeth that block other teeth from coming in.
- baby teeth don’t fall out in time to allow the permanent teeth to come in.
- getting braces may need teeth extracted to create room for the teeth that are being moved into place.
- receiving radiation to the head and neck may need to have teeth in the field of radiation extracted.
- People receiving cancer drugs may develop infected teeth because these drugs weaken the immune system. Infected teeth may need to be extracted.
- Some teeth may need to be extracted if they could become a source of infection after an organ transplant. People with organ transplants have a high risk of infection because they must take drugs that decrease or suppress the immune system.
- Wisdom teeth, also called third molars, are often extracted either before or after they come in. They commonly come in during the late teens or early 20s. They need to be removed if they are decayed, cause pain or have a cyst or infection. These teeth often get stuck in the jaw (impacted) and do not come in. This can irritate the gum, causing pain and swelling. In this case, the tooth must be removed. If you need all four wisdom teeth removed, they are usually taken out at the same time.
A damaged tooth by decay can be restored back to its normal function and shape with filling. The decayed tooth material is removed before the filling process started. The affected area must be clean and then filling the decay with filling material. Filling has close the spaces for bacteria can enter, it also help to prevent further decay.
Common filling materials are: –
- Amalgam – an alloy of mercury, silver, copper, tin and sometime zinc)
- Composite Resin – tooth-colored filling
- Glass ionomer cement
|1) Before remove broken||2) After remove old filling||3) After completed new filling|